Research on use of CBIs - International - Drumcondra Education Centre - Interactive Whiteboards

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Research on use of CBIs - International

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CBI Interactive Whiteboard Project - DEC, ICS, CESI

(In case you arrive at this page via an Internet Search, click here to get to the CBI Project Homepage)

Where to find more reading materials - this page is provided as being of particular interest to teachers engaged in research.

What is the status of CBI/IWB use in the UK?

Becta's 2008 Report indicates that

  • "Interactive whiteboards are the dominant technology in schools, and technology continues to be used primarily for presentational purposes. Display technologies are important, but there is scope for encouraging more engaged and interactive forms of teaching and learning using ICT." p.36
  • "Interactive whiteboards continue to be a dominant technology in schools. The average numbers of interactive whiteboards rose considerably in both primary schools (18 compared with just over six in 2005 and eight in the 2007 survey) and secondary schools (38, compared with 18 in 2005 and 22 in 2007). The fitness for purpose of interactive whiteboards is rated very positively in all sectors." p. 19
  • "Technical problems preventing delivery of lessons do not occur very often. This is particularly true of problems with interactive whiteboards (over a third of respondents said that problems occurred less than once a term)." p. 21

Harnessing Technology: Schools Survey 2008; Report 1 - Analysis; Paula Smith, Peter Rudd and Misia Coghlan; National Foundation for Educational Research; September 2008. Accessed 11th Jan 2008 at ...seems to be available 10 Jan 2013 at

Dr Mary Ann Bell presents "A Baker’s Dozen Reasons!" for using an IWB at

Some very interesting research from the University of Cambridge's Faculty of Education regarding Pedagogy and CBis can be read at


The Review Project is engaged in on-going research on the use of electronic whiteboards in U.K. classrooms: its findings were disseminated mid-February 2004: a CD (which installs itself fully on your computer) was available.

An interesting video debate, which puts the case for and against whiteboards, is “Whiteboards: Boon or Boondoggle?”. It had been available at eSchoolNews
The above included this comment from Doug Browne: “Overall the research, and we’ve done a considerable amount of research on this, identified that in terms of some of the use of the whiteboards, pace of lessons was improving, motivation was improving, student engagement was improving, and teacher preparation was improving. “If you look at some of the activity in the UK, you will find some appalling teaching using whiteboards. This is not about the technology. It is actually about the teaching. And the findings we have all through this is it really depends on the teachers and it really depends on the teaching. But interactive whiteboards can be transformative and standards can actually rise as a result.”


Another collection of Tips, Research and Whiteboard files can be accessed via Shambles - part of the Asia Education Project


Virtual Learning carries a range of research articles concerning ICT in education. John Cuthell's "Virtual Learning - The Impact of ICT on the Way Young People Work" is available for download. In addition, John is involved with Mirandanet : one of its projects has looked in some detail at CBIs in the classroom: see See for a number of interesting case studies.


Gage, Jenny, 2005: "How to use an Interactive Whiteboard Really Effectively in your Primary* Classroom", David Fulton Publishers; * there is a separate text " your Secondary Classroom" These books are a good read - they contain similar information to that which is found on this CBI website, together with sample files. I have abstracted material (in PDF format) relating to a Schema for whiteboard use ...ranging through five steps: familiarisation, utilisation, integration, reorientation and evolution: Jenny Gage.pdf

I would also like to add (my own?) three stages (I may have read this somewhere, but I cannot recall a link!): Presentation, Integration and Participation. The Presentation stage is just the Data Projector aspect (i.e. the teacher is still using the board in PowerPoint mode ...with more emphasis on the Projector hardware rather than the Whiteboard hardware and software). Integration ivolves more consideration and use of the whiteboard software tools (e.g. in Notebook, in Flipchart etc.) - integration of ICT by the Teacher may be easier (according to Conor Galvin) than by the pupils. Participation highlights the key actions of the learners (they, for example, should be coming to the board and moving things around; they should be authoring their own Notebook files, Flipchart pages etc. ...and then presenting these as peer-teaching tools).


" is relatively easy to achieve successful technological change by adopting digital whiteboards, but it is much harder to achieve successful pedagogical change, where the learning of pupils improves" according to Feature: White elephants? by Steve Higgins, in Times Educational Suppliment Online, which had been at

Teaching ICT - The Journal for ICT Specialists in Education (Volume 1, Issue 2, Autumn 2001) contains the article "Interactive Whiteboards - A Luxury Too Far?". The article presents a number of arguements and observations in favour and against CBIs. Its findings generally point to the importance of the creative use of the boards. See The same journal also has a review of four types of boards at

Promethean hosts a number of stories, anecdotes, videos and research papers on its Promethean Planet website. Visit:
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